Features of recovery after a stroke

(ORDO NEWS) — Stroke as a disease is a sharp violation of cerebral circulation, leading to massive death of brain cells.

Depending on the cause, two main types of strokes can be conditionally distinguished. Ischemic – in the case when a sharp decrease in blood circulation is due to mechanical blockage of blood vessels, and hemorrhagic – when there is a rupture of blood vessels that directly feed the brain.

Medicine does not stand still, in the arsenal of a doctor involved in the treatment and rehabilitation after a stroke, there are new drugs and techniques that can give the patient a chance for recovery.

If you properly organize the rehabilitation period and methodically and regularly carry out all the necessary activities, the chances of the maximum possible recovery, of returning to your usual way of life, increase markedly.

Recovery after a stroke is a complex task, and can be effectively solved only by an integrated approach. Drug therapy, hygiene procedures, infection prevention, proper nutrition, restoration of motor activity, physiotherapy exercises, speech restoration, social adaptation and improvement of the psycho-emotional state – at each stage of rehabilitation, these activities should be carried out under the constant supervision of the attending physician.

One of the consequences of a stroke that requires constant attention is spasticity, or muscle spasticity (more on the resource stopspastic.ru ). Spastic paresis is a pathological increase in muscle tension (muscle hypertonicity) or spasm of certain muscle groups.

In the absence of proper therapy, limitation of mobility develops, various motor disorders occur: involuntary sharp movements, convulsions, stiffness, inability to perform habitual movements and actions that were previously performed without effort. Coordination worsens, gait is disturbed, balance changes.

Spasticity is not considered as an independent disease: it is a manifestation of lesions of the central nervous system, which occurs, among other things, as a result of strokes.

According to statistics, depending on the type of stroke, spasticity “accompanies” approximately 40% of cases. If spasticity is not treated, its development can lead to irreversible muscle changes, deformation of the joints of the arms and legs, and ultimately to the impossibility of recovery.

A number of factors can lead to a gradual increase in the manifestations of muscle hypertonicity: chronic constipation and urinary retention, acute and chronic infectious diseases and complications, fractures and dislocations, bedsores, tight clothing and shoes, which additionally interfere with already difficult movements. All these factors must be taken into account when drawing up a program for the recovery period.

For the treatment of spasticity, modern medicine has a number of effective methods. Drug treatment, various methods of physiotherapy, physiotherapy exercises, botulinum therapy, etc. are actively used.

Of course, all procedures are carried out only as directed by a doctor. Timely diagnosis, determination of the causes of muscle hypertonicity and a properly selected comprehensive recovery program can give a chance for recovery and return to a comfortable standard of living.

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