(ORDO NEWS) — On September 16, the world celebrates the day of the protection of the ozone layer. In 1994, the UN General Assembly by its resolution (A / RES / 49/114) proclaimed September 16 as the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer. The date commemorates the signing of the Montreal Protocol (1987) on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer and has been celebrated since 1995.
On September 16, 1987, 36 countries, including Russia, signed a document according to which the participating countries must limit and completely stop the production of ozone-depleting substances.
The ozone layer is a thin gas shield that protects the Earth from the harmful effects of a certain amount of solar radiation, thereby contributing to the preservation of life on the planet.
The ozone layer extends over the earth in a huge blanket that goes into space. If this layer is depleted someday, it will be dangerous for the entire biosphere, for all living things. Skin cancer, blindness, and other diseases can occur from exposure to ultraviolet rays.
In the 80s of the twentieth century, scientists made a discovery: in the Antarctic region, the total ozone content decreased by 2 times. It was then that the name “ozone hole” appeared.
Chlorine oxide, which is a product of factories and industrial enterprises, affects ozone depletion. We cannot prevent the occurrence of ozone holes. However, a person is capable of saving ozone at least at the household level.
Therefore, the phase-out of the managed use of ozone-depleting substances and the resulting reductions in such use not only contribute to the protection of the ozone layer for the benefit of present and future generations but also contribute greatly to efforts to tackle climate change. Thus, the implementation of the Montreal Protocol has led to the phase-out of 99% of ozone-depleting chemicals in refrigerators, air conditioners, and other commodities.
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