(ORDO NEWS) — In Iran, in the western province of Lurestan, archaeologists have discovered centuries-old petroglyphs, as well as numerous remains of architectural structures during the Safavid dynasty (1501-1736).
According to the Tehran Times, the findings were made during archaeological research in the city of Aligudarz. Scientists unearthed the remains of four bridges, a paved road, a mill and a fortress.
However, the most important and curious find was petroglyphs. Researchers found them on the side of a mountain that adjoins a modern asphalt road. Petroglyphs are inscriptions made in Persian.
Scientists have partially deciphered them. They believe that the inscription dates from 1680. It tells about the construction of the road – about the project itself and the reasons that prompted it to be laid. Petroglyphs, as well as found architectural elements, belong to the Safavid era.
It was a Shah dynasty, which from the beginning of the XIV century ruled the Ardabil region in northern Iran, and from 1501 to 1736 – the entire territory of Iran. The first ruler of this dynasty was Ismail I (1501-1524). Petroglyphs were probably engraved during the reign of Shah Sephi II.
The Safavid dynasty was one of the most significant ruling dynasties in the country. It is believed that it laid the foundation for modern Iranian history. Lurestan itself has been home to many nations for millennia. For example, about 1000 BC the Medes settled here. Cimmerians and Scythians periodically ruled this region from about 700 to 625 BC.
Around 540 BC, Lurestan became part of the Achaemenid Empire, which was gaining strength, and then was successively part of the possessions of the Seleucid, Parfyan and Sassanid dynasties. This region in ancient times was famous for the art of its masters, who made magnificent products from bronze.
As RG already said, earlier Iranian archaeologists discovered more than 200 ancient relics and ruins of buildings during excavations in the southeastern province of Kerman. This indicates that this region was not only the center of vitriol production. At this point lay the main corridor for people traveling to the eastern regions of Asia.
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