(ORDO NEWS) — Climatologists predict that the temperature on Earth will rise by 1.5 degrees Celsius with a 50% chance of maintaining or increasing current levels of greenhouse gas emissions. In 2022, they set another record.
“This year we will set a new record for anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions despite the need to set reverse records.
Some positive developments are still happening, but the participants of the UN Climate Conference urgently need to take action if we want to avoid a 1.5 degree rise in temperatures Celsius and more,” said Pierre Friedlingstein, professor at the University of Exeter (UK), quoted by the press service of the university.
In December 2015, the Paris Agreement was signed to combat global warming.
Within its framework, the participating countries have committed to voluntarily reduce CO2 emissions in the coming decades in order to keep the average annual temperature increase at around 1.5 or 2 degrees Celsius.
Many climatologists assume that this goal will not be achieved, since for this humanity will have to reduce emissions to zero or even begin to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
In addition to this, the countries participating in the agreement are developing plans for the accelerated restoration of forests and other natural ecosystems that actively absorb CO2 from the atmosphere.
Rapid growth in emissions
Researchers have found that the key goal of the Paris Agreement may be failed already this decade, despite all the measures taken.
Scientists came to this conclusion in the course of measuring how the level of greenhouse gas emissions has changed in 2022.
As climatologists have found, this indicator continued the rapid growth that began last year. It reached 40.6 billion tons of CO2, which is 1% more than last year.
At the same time, scientists found that the amount of CO2 emissions associated with the burning of fossil fuels increased by about 5.1% compared to 2020.
This suggests that the current economic instability and the epidemiological situation have not prevented the recovery and a sharp increase in the use of hydrocarbons in industry and energy.
According to the researchers, this figure is now very close to the record highs of 2019.
If this level of emissions is maintained or increased, Professor Friedlingstein and his colleagues predict that there is a 50% chance that temperatures on Earth will rise by 1.5 degrees Celsius as early as this decade.
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