(ORDO NEWS) — Usually, black holes are perceived as “destructive monsters” devouring stars and planets, but data from the Hubble Space Telescope (NASA) show that black holes are forming new stars.
The black hole discovered by astronomers is located in a dwarf galaxy called Henize 2-10, located at a distance of about 30 million light-years from Earth. This galaxy is only 3,000 light-years across and contains an unusual black hole at its center.
Scientists have found that a cluster of galaxies called the Phoenix Cluster, about 5.8 million light-years from Earth, is creating stars at a tremendous rate, according to data from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and the Hubble Space Telescope.
Scientists believe that this black hole at the center of the galaxy is much weaker than ordinary black holes, which allows the creation of stars. This hole has only a million solar masses.
“The Hubble Space Telescope was able to capture images clearly and provide spectroscopic evidence for the existence of this black hole. An unusual surprise was that instead of suppressing star formation, the outflow caused the birth of new stars, ”say the authors of the discovery from the University of Montana. The results of the study are published in the journal Nature.
Images taken by the Hubble Space Telescope show a stream of plasma (ionized gas) resembling an umbilical cord extending from a black hole. This ionized gas crashes into another dense cloud of gas near the edge of the dwarf galaxy, causing the cloud to form star clusters.
Scientists believe that the observed phenomenon will not last forever. There will come a time when the black hole will temporarily cease to contribute to star formation and begin to prevent the birth of new stars.
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