(ORDO NEWS) — Arctic sea ice has shrunk by two-thirds over the past 60 years, and more than half of the ice cap is now seasonal or first-year ice. This is stated in the report of Roshydromet on the scientific and methodological foundations for the development of strategies for adaptation to climate change in Russia.
In addition, since 1979, the total ice area in the Arctic has declined the most in the past decade, by 12.9 percent, according to meteorologists. “Now 70 percent of the sea ice cap is made up of seasonal ice, or ice that forms and melts in one year,” the report says.
On September 22, World Meteorological Organization (WMO) spokeswoman Claire Nullis said the area of sea ice in the Arctic, which serves as an indicator of global climate change, had reached an annual low. According to her, on September 15, this figure was 3.74 million square kilometers, according to the US National Snow and Ice Data Center, and 3.8 million according to the University of Bremen.
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