Ancient Greek Pyramid of Ellinikon

(ORDO NEWS) — To the west of Athens lie the remains of one of the most famous ancient pyramids built by the ancient Greek civilization.

It is believed that at one time in ancient Greece there were up to 16 pyramidal structures.


One of the most important factors to consider when doing an in-depth analysis of the ancient world is the relationship between different cultures.

Ellinikon is one of the clearest examples that can be used in an in-depth analysis of the relationship between the ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean.

Therefore, for a more analytical, comprehensive and informative understanding when studying the history and culture of a particular civilization, such as the Egyptians, it is necessary to take into account other cultural and historical aspects that the Egyptians provided to the rest of the ancient world.

Today we are studying the Greek pyramid of Ellinikon, and while there has been extensive analysis of Egyptian architecture and cultural history in various Curiosmos articles and blogs, this pyramid is a bit different.

It bears no resemblance to the rest of the Egyptian articles, because although it is based on the Hellinikon, a Greek pyramid of antiquity and one of the only architectural monuments preserved on earth and accepted by the Egyptians.

Ancient Greek Pyramid of Ellinikon 2

History of Ellinicon

1- Primary excavations of Ellinikon

Firstly, the pyramid of Ellinicon was first found in the modern era by Weigand, and he was the first who, by removing the filling between the marbles, tried to comprehensively study the origin of the monument. The American Archaeological School of Athens secondly continued the exploration around 1937.

2- General characteristics

Although the Pyramid is surrounded by a rectangular area, its outer slopes measure from 7.03 to 9.07. The outer walls protecting the Pyramid have a slope of 60 degrees and reach a height of 3.50 meters.

3- Location of the monument

The Pyramid of Ellinicon and the smaller monuments surrounding it are located in the southwestern part of the Argoli Plain. Judging by the districts and regions of antiquity, this place was located not far from Tegea, Kefalari, Arcadia and Kynuria. Today we find it near the springs of the Erasinos River.

Ancient Greek Pyramid of Ellinikon 3

Ellicon – function and design

4- Random rooms

Although various early interpretations can be considered at the end of the analysis, some studies and excavations have shown that some structures had corridors, doors, rooms and other walls, as in an ordinary house.

Therefore, when the main entrance is located on the east side, a narrow passage leads to a smaller door attached to a square room with sides 7 meters long.

5- Deviation from Egyptian culture

One of the most interesting fundamental building aspects of Ellinikon is the impressive and somewhat mysterious construction that underlies it.

In particular, the entire building is constructed from gray limestone, which was rare at the time of its construction.

In addition, it deviates from the Egyptian model, as it combines a trapezoidal and partially polygonal system built from large blocks.

6- Lack of Historical Resources

The point of view, which for me should come first and should be stated before a specific analysis of the actual monument, is that we do not find many resources.

First of all, we find fewer resources than the amount that would be enough to analyze the Ellinicon. The actual operation of the pyramids on Greek soil was not taken up by the Greek poets.

Consequently, historians could not provide us with an actual analysis of aspects of these structures.

7- Ellicon function

In addition, the aforementioned lack of major sources makes it difficult to understand the reasons behind the building’s design. Archaeologists believe that it consisted of memorial observations.

Other sayings talk about communication between other residents of neighboring regions. However, Pausanias gives a general interpretation, which is analyzed in the next paragraph.

Ellinicon – historical interpretations

8- Interpretations of Pausanias

Most importantly, people were not passionate about the representation of this building, except for Pausanias, who, in the 2nd century AD, gives the history of the Hellinicon pyramids.

Consequently, it was used as a tomb for the Argives who died in battle around 669/668 BC. More precisely, the war was between two sides – Proet and Acrisius, who fought for the throne of Argos.

9- Actual number of Ellinikon monuments

In addition, we have to study in more detail the origin and date of the excavations of the Hellinikon pyramid. However, before that, it needs to be stated that there seem to be two in modern pyramid research.

Regardless of this, the people revere the pyramid as an Egyptian monumental structure on Greek soil, and historians analyze it completely as a whole.

10- First early interpretations

The foregoing brings us to an early interpretation of the excavations. The research director of the Archaeological School of Athens named L. Lord made such an assumption.

Ellinicon and the materials found there were “watch houses capable of accommodating a small garrison. It could control the countryside and be safe behind its walls from surprise attacks by a few people.”

In conclusion, modern research shows that the structures had corridors, doors, rooms, and ordinary walls.


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