Ancient burial of a nomad with weapons and beads found in Kazakhstan

(ORDO NEWS) — A warlike nomad with a two-thousand-year history. In southern Kazakhstan, archaeologists have discovered the burial of a woman in combat weapons, says MIR 24 correspondent Vitaly Popov.

The necropolis has become a real find for archaeologists. Under a huge mound of two thousand years ago, it turned out to be not just an ordinary burial. For the first time in the south of Kazakhstan, a burial of a Sarmatian female warrior was found.

“The Sarmatian tribes are known from ancient sources. These tribes were the only ones at the turn of our era who retained matriarchy in their social hierarchy.

It was the woman who determined all the main actions. The Sarmatians were nomads, and each nomad is a warrior, this is confirmed by the corresponding grave goods,” said archaeologist Alexander Podushkin.

Long dagger, remnants of overlays for a combat bow, arrowheads. There were also exclusively female attributes: the militant nomad wore gilded jet beads and a bronze bracelet.

“On the territory of our region there was the state of Kangyui, a tribal association. Most likely, the Sarmatian tribes, as they were later called Savromatian, were part of this state association.

Therefore, sometimes we find here weapons and household items related to the Sarmatians, and not to the Aryan culture, which is the main part here, ”explained Andrei Donets, senior researcher at the archeology department of the Turkestan Regional Museum of Local Lore.

It is believed that the Kangju state existed at the turn of the millennium. The tribes that formed it settled on the banks of the Syr Darya and its tributaries, up to the Aral Sea. In southern Kazakhstan, you can still see the ruins of their cities.

“The state of Kangyui was multi-ethnic, it included various groups of nomadic and sedentary population. They are known to us: the Sarmatians, the late Sakas, the Xiongnu and the Kangyui proper.

Our materials once again confirmed this ethnic picture and made a contribution to the picture of the ethnogenesis of the Kazakhs of ancient periods. These ethnic groups were directly involved in the formation of the modern Kazakh nation,” said archaeologist Alexander Podushkin.

The Sarmatians were a nomadic people, they left not so many traces of their life and way of life. The main source of materials for archaeologists is ancient necropolises. The reconstruction of the appearance of the Sarmatian leader was made on the basis of materials from the Taskopa burial ground in western Kazakhstan.

“New archaeological materials have been obtained, on the basis of which we see a recreated image of the Sarmatian leader of the first half of the first millennium BC. A headdress, a caftan, insignia of power: a sword, a dagger, a quiver with arrows,” says Aibar Kasenali, head of the Cultural Heritage Research Institute.

On many medieval maps, the territory beyond the Don was called Sarmatia. Now it is Eastern Europe. Many tribes of the Sarmatian union also roamed the lands of modern Kazakhstan, forming its gene pool and leaving traces of their presence in ancient mounds.

Let us add that there are about a hundred barrows in the Kyzylzhar necropolis. Only a small part of them has been studied.


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