US, WASHINGTON (ORDO NEWS) — The city of Roswell in the state of New Mexico is a typical outback, the population of which even in the 2000s amounted to a little more than 45 thousand people. In the courtyard of July 4, 1947 – US Independence Day. A local farmer, William Brazel, heard at night something resembling a strong pop or explosion, accompanied by a violent flash of light. This was not surprising – on the eve of Independence Day there was a severe thunderstorm.
In the morning, Braisel went to look for his sheep, which were not there, most likely they were scared of thunderstorms and scattered. But the wasteland seven miles from the pasture was literally littered with fragments of unknown origin. Mr. Braisel suggested that some kind of aircraft fell, but not a weather balloon. Sometimes they were brought to the farm from the territory of local test sites, so the man knew what they looked like. The found debris looked different. Among other things, Braisel found some parts made of extremely lightweight material. According to him, they did not burn and did not give in to any influence at all.
The material found resembled foil with the only difference being that it was impossible to tear it, and it had the property to assume its original appearance. But one of the strangest finds is glass balls, inside of which one could distinguish something like human figures. An important point: on some details, strange characters flaunted, reminiscent of either Chinese characters or Native American writing. and she possessed the property of assuming the original appearance. But one of the strangest finds is glass balls, inside of which one could distinguish something like human figures. An important point: on some details, strange characters flaunted, reminiscent of either Chinese characters or Native American writing. and she possessed the property of assuming the original appearance. But one of the strangest finds is glass balls, inside of which one could distinguish something like human figures. An important point: on some details, strange characters flaunted, reminiscent of either Chinese characters or Native American writing.
On the advice of prudent neighbors, Braisel decided to hand over the finds to the local sheriff. He, in turn, quickly realizing what was happening, turned to the military. But Brazel himself was not sitting idle. Soon he told about everything on the air of a local radio station.
Upon arrival, Air Force Colonel William Blanchard, having analyzed the situation, ordered the statement of the Armed Forces to be published in local newspapers. It makes sense to quote it in full: “Roswell Army Airbase, New Mexico, July 8, 1947, first half of the day. Numerous rumors regarding flying discs were confirmed yesterday when the intelligence department of the 509th Air Force bombers regiment of the Eighth Air Force, with the assistance of a local farmer and district sheriff, managed to seize one of these discs. A flying disk was allegedly discovered near a ranch in the vicinity of Roswell last week. Due to the lack of a telephone, only a few days later the farmer was able to notify the sheriff, who, in turn, notified the head of the intelligence department of 509 air regiment Major Jesse A. Marcel. Immediately measures were taken, the drive from the ranch was delivered to Roswell Airbase,
Roswell International UFO Museum. It was opened in 1992. A little earlier, a UFO research center was created here / © Getty
At least strange, isn’t it? After all, the authors of the statement are military. Already they had to identify one of their lost vehicles in the wreckage of the “flying disk”.
Predicting a reaction to such a message was not difficult. July 8, many American newspapers were full of sensational headlines about the discovery of an alien spacecraft. The European press also did not stay on top. But soon the military in the person of General Roger Mason Raimi disowned his words. Already on July 9, the Roswell Daily Record completely denied a report a day earlier.
Contrary to the widespread stereotype, the term “unidentified flying object” does not mean exactly the alien spaceship. Initially, an unidentified flying object was called any celestial phenomenon that does not have a logical explanation.
What was it
A planned rally for Independence Day, elementary negligence or a clumsy attempt by the authorities to hide some secret?
General Raimi’s explanations sounded quite convincing. According to him, near the city of Roswell, a weather balloon crashed. After that, all the talk about the alien ship crash subsided for a long time. William Braisel himself, after talking with the military, refused to give any information.
It will be appropriate here to highlight one important point. It must be understood that events unfolded not in our time, but in the distant 1940s. The relations of society and power in those days were on a fundamentally different level. When authorities said: “Relax, guys, this is just a weather balloon”, most of the population switched to another channel.
In evidence of his words, General Raimi presented the wreckage to reporters. The military allowed to carefully examine, photograph and even touch the details of the aircraft. There was nothing mysterious about them. These were the most ordinary parts from familiar materials. But experienced journalists, suspecting a dirty trick (debris could have been substituted), wished to meet in person with Colonel Blanchard, who was responsible for publishing the first statement about the flying disk. They failed to do this. At the entrance to the territory of the Roswell air base, they explained to reporters that the commander went on vacation.
One of the most famous documents confirming the ufological version of the Roswell incident is the report of the FBI employee John Hottela. With reference to an Air Force informer, Hottel describes a story very similar to Walter Hout’s. The report appeared on the FBI website in 2011 and quickly became one of the most popular documents of this agency. It is generally accepted that this report is based on deception.
The pursuit of sensation
It seems that this whole story would have been reliably buried and would never have returned to life, if not for one episode. In the late 1970s, an interview was issued with the head of the intelligence department of the 509th Air Regiment, Major Jesse A. Marcel. Its content immediately became a sensation. According to Major Marcel, the official version is nothing more than ordinary falsification. All photographs depicting the wreckage of an aircraft are fake. But in fact, what Marcel saw as two drops of water coincided with the story of the farmer William Brazel: undisturbed foil, unknown characters, elastic heavy-duty bars of lightweight, but at the same time incredibly durable material. Marcel noted that although he had repeatedly seen weather balloons, there was nothing in the debris that even remotely resembled the details of it.
However, Marcel and Braisel are far from the only witnesses to the disaster. But most of this evidence is based on skepticism. What just did not find numerous eyewitnesses at the crash site. If you take their words on faith, then at the crash site you could see not only the wreckage of the aircraft, but also the aliens themselves. According to some testimonies, the crashed ship was not seriously damaged. At least in his outline one could easily guess the UFO. To be more precise, a flying saucer that is familiar to US residents in science fiction films about aliens. It is not clear another. The long silence of Major Marcel about what he saw can be explained by the fact that at the time of the incident he was a military man, and the duty of service forced him to keep his mouth shut. But what made ordinary mortals silent?
After an interview with Marcel, the flywheel of sensations was already launched. To attract attention, it was enough to say: “I saw it with my own eyes.” Many Roswell residents did just that. As a result, the truth was buried under a multi-ton layer of fraud. We can say that scammers have reached their goal. The small town of Roswell quickly turned into a real Mecca for fans of flying saucers from around the world. Now the entire local economy rests on a multi-million army of tourists. The interest in the event more than half a century ago has not waned. And even if it starts to decline, then there can be little doubt that soon new eyewitness accounts will appear. True, not so much the eyewitnesses themselves as their children or grandchildren.
The vast majority of UFO sightings find their completely earthly explanation. Most often, natural phenomena or experimental aircraft are taken for UFOs. Only about 5-10% of all observations are truly unexplainable.
Be that as it may, it makes sense to tell another important evidence. On December 15, 2005, at the age of 84, a certain Walter Hout died. In 1947, Lieutenant Hout served at the Roswell Air Base and was responsible for public relations. It was he, on the orders of Colonel William Blanchard, who wrote the text of the statement about the discovery of the wreckage of an unidentified flying object. The text of the will (drawn up in 2002), published after the death of Walter Hout, read: “Before I left the base, Colonel Blanchard personally took me to building No. 84 (hangar R-3) … Even on the way I saw that it is intensely guarded from the outside and from the inside. Inside, I was allowed to look from a safe distance at an object just picked up north of the city. It was about 3.5 – 4.5 meters long, not very wide, about 1 high, 8 meters and had a more or less ovoid shape. The lighting was poor, but its surface seemed metallic. I did not see any windows, portholes, wings, tail or landing gear. Also from some distance I saw a couple of corpses under a tarp. Only heads stuck out from under him, and I could not distinguish the features of their faces. The heads were larger than that of an ordinary person, and the contours of the bodies under the tarp were the size of 10-year-old children. Later, Blanchard in his office raised his hand about 1.2 meters above the floor, showing their growth. ” than an ordinary person, and the contours of the bodies under the tarpaulin are the size of 10-year-olds. Later, Blanchard in his office raised his hand about 1.2 meters above the floor, showing their growth. ” than an ordinary person, and the contours of the bodies under the tarp are the size of 10-year-old children. Later, Blanchard in his office raised his hand about 1.2 meters above the floor, showing their growth. ”
But why is Walter Houth’s testimony so different from the testimony of farmer Braisel and Air Force Major Jesse Marcel? The answer to this question is given by Hout himself. According to him, there were several places of disaster. On one of them, an accumulation of fragments of an aircraft was discovered (Brazel found them). But the ship itself and its dead crew were in a different place, nearby. The ship was found by the military, and none of the civilians had access to it. Interestingly, until his very death, Walter Hout answered the questions about the Roswell incident in a very succinct manner: “Everything I know about this can be reduced to one word: nothing.”
Nevertheless, it is extremely difficult to consider the will of Walter Hout as a serious evidence base. We should not forget that Mr. Hout died at a very advanced age, when his reason and memory, at least partially, could have betrayed him. Even the fact that the will was made several years earlier does not fundamentally change anything. There is another, perhaps even more important reason not to trust the words of the former lieutenant. The daughter of Walter Houth, Julia Schuster, in 2005 led the Roswell UFO Museum. Given the endless flow of tourists, this business definitely brought her its dividends.
One of the most famous UFO sighting projects is the so-called Blue Book. As part of this project, the US Air Force attempted to systematize numerous eyewitness observations. Implementation of the project began in 1947, and by 1970 all activities in the framework of the Blue Book were curtailed. By the time of the closure, more than 12 thousand certificates were collected.
The Mogul Project
In February 1994, at the request of Congressman Stephen Schiff, the U.S. General Audit Office launched an investigation into the Roswell incident. During the investigation, nothing was found that at least somehow would prove a visit to the Earth by aliens. Neither secret papers nor any evidence of anything strange were found. However, this does not mean at all that no documents existed before. Yes, the 1994 report itself may turn out to be an ordinary falsification.
But what really is of interest is the declassified data on the nuclear weapons test tracking program in the USSR. In the 1940s, this project was called “Mogul”. Its most important component was a design consisting of weather balloons and sound wave tracking equipment. According to the report, it was this design that some witnesses could take for the wreckage of a flying saucer. It is noteworthy that the mysterious symbols (as we recall, the farmer Brazel spoke about them) could be traces of the adhesive tape used by the military. Its manufacture was engaged in one of the toy factories. On adhesive tape, it was easy to distinguish all kinds of drawings and patterns.
The report said that the Mogul program was assigned the level of secrecy “A 3”, that is, the highest at that time. This explains why the authorities were confused in their testimonies and wanted to forget about the incident as soon as possible. There is nothing surprising in this – history knows many examples of how special services, trying to “hush up” their own negligence, found themselves in the center of grandiose scandals. After all, lying like a razor is a double-edged weapon.
The famous ufologist Boris Shurinov does not agree with the version presented in the 1994 report. In his book The Roswell Riddle, he tries to debunk the official interpretation of events. Much attention is paid to the Mogul project. It is indicated that contrary to the conclusion made in the report, there is no real evidence of the secrecy of the project. In the documents of the Air Force, the level of secrecy did not appear to be “A 3”, but “A 1”, which did not imply top-secret. Moreover, according to the author, the level of secrecy was so low that no one even tracked the devices after launch.
The 1994 report has another major flaw. Despite the innovative method of detecting sound waves, the components of the Mogul design could hardly surprise with their appearance. Especially a person who has previously dealt with similar devices. But, as we have already said, William Braisel, as well as Jesse Marcel, have repeatedly seen the wreckage of meteorological probes.
In leading world religions, the UFO phenomenon has an ambiguous interpretation. And often with negative subtext. Representatives of Christian denominations often saw in this phenomenon the manifestation of demonic forces. In modern Islam, unidentified flying objects are considered to be genies.
In 1995, the London-based music film journalist Ray Santilli added fuel to the fire. He unveiled the documentary “The Autopsy of an Alien – Fact or Fiction?” The world saw footage allegedly capturing the autopsy of an alien who died in a Roswell disaster. The film immediately caused a storm of emotions. Mostly negative. Even a person who had only a secondary medical education could clearly distinguish falsification. According to experts, the film is replete with a huge number of all kinds of “mistakes”. The actions of the pathologist who performed the dissection of the alien are more reminiscent of the work of a poorly trained surgeon. In such circumstances, such negligence seems completely unthinkable. The very body of the alien, according to experts, is nothing more than a fake.
This point of view is held by the famous biologist Yulia Shepeleva: “An analysis was made of the recording of the film dedicated to the autopsy of the alien, which was allegedly made in 1947. Nonprofessionals obviously work on this record, people do not work with the tools that they use in the pathological practice … For example, it is forbidden to touch the organs with your hands, but here they directly take them with your hands, which is completely unacceptable! The movie is probably a fake. ”
What is the result?
To a person who first encounters this topic, it may seem that there is simply no secret. After all, there is a completely plausible official interpretation of events, and it clarifies a lot. But upon closer inspection, the truth does not seem so obvious. You begin to understand only one thing: something does not converge. Why did the military themselves initially take the wreckage of a balloon for a UFO? Why did these fragments evoke so many conflicting emotions from eyewitnesses? Why did the authorities re-investigate in 1994? After all, if the Mogul project was just a bunch of weather balloons, this incident could hardly have left behind so many unsolved secrets.
But the point of view of many ufologists about the fall of the alien ship is not credible. Mainly due to the lack of any strong evidence of their innocence. Is it possible to be one hundred percent sure in the words of several eyewitnesses? It is also interesting that the incident occurred on the eve of one of the main American holidays – Independence Day. On the other hand, the case itself can hardly be considered a mere hoax. He made too much noise, but a real interest in the topic manifested itself many decades later.
What do we have in the end? Nothing at all that could fully and completely confirm or, conversely, refute one of the put forward versions. We can only give the right to our readers, on the basis of the facts available, to determine for themselves the version that they consider the most plausible.
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