After the coronavirus, children and adolescents are much more likely to develop diabetes. The reasons are unknown

(ORDO NEWS) — It has already been noted that among adults who have recovered diabetes is detected much higher than in the population as a whole, however, such statistics have not yet been published for children.

On a sample of several hundred thousand children and adolescents from the United States, collected in March 2020-February 2021, it turned out that after a PCR-confirmed disease caused by SARS-CoV2, the likelihood of diabetes increases multiple times, and, most likely, for the former. and for the second type.

Since the mechanism for the onset of diabetes (especially type 2) is unclear today, the reasons why the coronavirus causes its increased likelihood are also unknown. Relevant data are published on the website of the US Centers for Infectious Disease Control.

The researchers used two databases for Americans under 18, which included approximately 0.8 million cases analyzed. In this sample, scientists have identified groups of those who did not have a coronavirus, had it, and those who did not have a coronavirus, but had an acute respiratory illness before the onset of the coronavirus pandemic (that is, until the spring of 2020).

In these samples, the frequency of diagnosis of diabetes per unit time was studied. Those who had diabetes before the start of the pandemic were excluded from the sample; among those who had had coronavirus, only those who were diagnosed with diabetes 30 days or more after the detection of coronavirus were included – in order to separate those who have this consequence from those who could develop diabetes regardless of infection.

It turned out that among those who had had Covid-19, the frequency of diabetes detection was 2.66 times higher than among those who did not have it, and 2.16 times higher than among those who had an acute respiratory illness before the epidemic. Since we are talking about people under the age of 18 who do not normally fall prey to diabetes, these numbers cause significant concern.

Moreover, according to them, it turns out that those who had an acute respiratory illness before the coronavirus also had an increased likelihood of diabetes, although only by 20-25% (a relatively weak correlation), and not 2.66 times, as after the coronavirus…

In the work, there is no correlation between the severity of the disease and the incidence of diabetes, that is, the latter could also occur after a mild form of coronavirus infection.

The authors of the report from the Centers for Infectious Disease Control of the United States are trying to make assumptions about how exactly the coronavirus is causing an increased incidence of diabetes in those who have recovered.

The cause, they believe, may be stress hyperglycemia.(high blood sugar) and virus infection of pancreatic cells.

Scientists are considering an option in which the increase in the likelihood of diabetes is caused by drug therapy for the coronavirus. Indeed, drugs for coronavirus are often potent, and some of them (including steroids) can lead to high blood sugar levels.

However, researchers doubt that coronavirus drugs are the main culprit. They note that only 1.5-2.2% of cases identified after coronavirus were diagnosed as diabetes, provoked by taking medications.

Before the coronavirus epidemic, the direct death rate from diabetes in the world was 1.5 million people a year, one of the causes of death was another 2.2 million people a year.

Obviously, now that at least hundreds of millions of people have already had the coronavirus, the number of diabetics will increase dramatically, and after that the mortality rate among them will also increase.

It should be noted that many scientists consider the current statistics of coronavirus diseases overlooking the mass of cases where the PCR test was not done on time.

In this case, the number of patients with coronavirus could be billions of people. If for all of them the likelihood of diabetes after illness rises multiple times, the number of diabetics on the planet could increase from the current 400 million to much higher numbers.

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