(ORDO NEWS) — What is the difference between coffee beans and instant coffee? We understand what the drink is made of and is there any benefit in it?
Instant coffee has two main advantages. It is easier to prepare it: pour boiling water into a cup and add a spoonful of granules. And it costs less.
Agree that this is already a lot. That is why the popularity of instant coffee continues to grow from year to year, production around the world is expanding, and sales are growing.
When and why was instant coffee invented?
Attempts to invent coffee powder began in the 17th century. Instant coffee called “Coffee Blend” was created in 1771 in Britain.
But the first to establish the technology for the production of instant coffee was a Belgian scientist who moved to live in the United States, George Constant Washington.
In 1910, he released a drink under the brand name “Red E Coffee”. Then, at the end of the 19th century, a product called Camp Coffee was invented, which was a mixture of water, sugar, coffee essence and chicory.
Further, the popularity of instant coffee skyrocketed during 1918, when soldiers needed a way to quickly replenish their strength and recharge their batteries, but at the same time it would be convenient to carry the drink with them. After the soldiers discovered the charm of instant coffee to their families, and the drink became a familiar part of life.
In honor of the most famous manufacturer of instant coffee, soldiers’ pewter mugs became known as “Joe mugs”.
And in 1938, Nestle launched Nescafe. Coffee concentrate then became a huge success, and still remains one of the most popular instant coffee products on the market.
How is instant coffee made?
Green grains are cleaned and sorted, and then roasted and ground. The mixture is loaded into some kind of huge coffee maker, where ground coffee particles are passed under high pressure through a stream of hot water.
This process is called extraction, and it is essentially no different from how we brew Turkish coffee at home. Only at home this is where everything ends, but in the production of instant coffee it is just beginning.
The resulting extract is collected in tanks, where excess moisture is removed from it. The concentrated extract is fed into sublimators, sprayed and frozen. These “iced coffee” pieces are then broken into granules and sent to a vacuum dryer where the ice evaporates, leaving instant coffee granules.
Most often, instant coffee is made from robusta beans, because it contains more caffeine, and the aroma of a coffee drink is given by adding coffee oils, because after all stages of processing, coffee granules have practically no smell.
Does the instant drink have any of the characteristics of coffee beans?
Yes, it contains antioxidants, perhaps even in higher concentrations than grains. Studies show that drinking instant coffee, just like regular coffee, can improve brain function and reduce the likelihood of developing certain diseases, such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.
How much caffeine is in instant coffee?
Less than grain. Therefore, if you need to work all night without sleep, you should not rely on instant coffee. But if you want to cut down on your caffeine intake, instant coffee is the way to go. One cup of instant coffee contains 30 to 90 mg of caffeine compared to coffee beans which contain 70 to 140 mg.
What is the main disadvantage of instant coffee?
The disadvantage of instant coffee is the chemical composition. It contains acrylamide, a potentially harmful substance that is produced when coffee beans are roasted.
Instant coffee can contain twice as much as coffee beans. However, the amount of acrylamide in instant coffee still remains within acceptable limits.
Also, instant coffee (like any other) enhances the effect of drugs. This is due to the fact that after drinking coffee, the acidity in the stomach increases, and as a result, the drugs dissolve faster. Also, any coffee is not recommended for people with chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
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