(ORDO NEWS) — Climatologists from Copernicus’ Climate Change Service said 2021 was the hottest year in the world on record, and the levels of carbon dioxide and methane, which are causing the planet to warm, have reached new highs in the atmosphere.
The scientists said the last seven years were the warmest in the world “by a clear margin” on records dating from 1850, and the average global temperature in 2021 was 1.1-1.2 ° C above 1850-1900 levels.
The hottest years in history were 2020 and 2016.
As greenhouse gas emissions change the planet’s climate, the warming trend continues. Climate change has exacerbated many of the extreme weather events that swept the world in 2021, from floods in Europe, China, and South Sudan to wildfires in Siberia and the United States.
Methane levels in the atmosphere have jumped over the past two years, experts said, but the reasons for this are not fully understood.
Preliminary data suggests that global CO2 emissions increased by 4.9% in 2021.
Last summer was the hottest in Europe on record, climatologists said, after a warm March and an unusually cold April that wiped out fruit crops in France and Hungary.
In July and August, the Mediterranean heat triggered intense wildfires in countries such as Turkey and Greece. Sicily has set a new European temperature of 48.8 ° C.
In July, torrential rains caused deadly flooding in Western Europe, killing more than 200 people. The researchers concluded that climate change made floods 20% more likely.
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