(ORDO NEWS) — Many great civilizations mysteriously disappeared in ancient times. What happened to them? Did they leave behind traces of their disappearance? Have we explained what caused their death?
There is a fascinating world of untapped treasures, amazing architecture, scientific achievements, rich religious and cultural history from many lesser known ancient civilizations that are still being excavated.
The finds have left archaeologists and historians confused and confused about the daily lives of these great ancient civilizations and what led to their decline.
Here is a list of 10 mysteriously vanished ancient civilizations that have baffled historians and archaeologists for centuries.
1- Moche civilization
The Moche civilization inhabited the ancient north coast of Peru and the valleys, mainly the Chicama and Trujillo valleys, between AD 1 and 800.
This enigmatic ancient civilization displayed fantastic architecture, including pyramids, city dwellings, workshops, and vaults with ramps, multiple levels, and even sloping roofs.
Their advanced agricultural system was equipped with reservoirs, aqueducts, and a canal system.
Due to the lack of written finds, very little is known about the fall of the Moche civilization. She could have died from floods caused by the El Niño climate anomaly, drafts or the advance of the dunes.
2- Playa Nabta
Very little is known about the elusive and mysterious ancient civilization of Nabta Playa, which existed about 500 miles south of present-day Cairo in a large basin.
Archaeological excavations of Nabta Playa show that more than 9,000 years ago, its inhabitants were well versed in agriculture, the manufacture of ceramic vessels and the domestication of animals.
The most striking discovery of their remains are the stone circles of Nabta Playa, reminiscent of Stonehenge. These stone circles provide convincing evidence that the ancient civilization was engaged in astronomy.
Even with all this information, archaeologists cannot understand what led to the death of this ancient civilization.
3- Mayan civilization
Recently, interest in the Mayan civilization has increased greatly under the pretext of a 2012 doomsday scenario that the Mayan calendar allegedly predicted.
The Maya civilization dominated much of Central America for nearly 3,000 years and was known for its incredibly advanced architecture, mathematics, and warfare.
Then, around 950 AD, the entire civilization mysteriously disappeared. What led to the collapse of this majestic civilization may remain a mystery for all time.
4- Tiwanaku civilization
Lake Titicaca was the center of a thriving and complex civilization that lasted for many centuries and whose influence was felt far into the Andes, unlike other civilizations in South America.
Tiwanaku was a pre-Columbian civilization known for its magnificent megalithic and monolithic structures.
The civilization mysteriously disappeared around 1000 AD. It is assumed that the cause of the death of Tiahuanaco was a severe drought and internal social contradictions.
5- Lost civilization of the Incas
1400 – 1533 AD The Inca civilization was perhaps the largest civilization in pre-Columbian America.
Despite alienation from Asian and European civilizations, the Incas created an impressive transport and communication network.
The decline of the Inca civilization began with foreign epidemics such as measles, smallpox and influenza that wiped out 50 to 90% of the empire before finally giving way to a Spanish invasion in 1572 when the last city of the civilization called Vilcabamba was conquered.
6- Çatalhoyuk civilization
Known for its unique architecture, Çatalhoyuk is considered by most architects to be one of the world’s first urban settlements.
On the territory of modern Turkey, it is a honeycomb of interconnected buildings without streets.
The inhabitants of Çatalhöyuk used rooftops for movement and stairs to enter their homes. Another striking feature is that they buried their dead in their own homes.
The end of this civilization has puzzled both historians and archaeologists. They are of the general opinion that the inhabitants could leave the city and settle in the surrounding area.
It remains a mystery why the unique culture, rituals and architecture of Katalhoyuk have not been replicated elsewhere.
7- The Lost Civilization of the Mississippians
This Native American civilization flourished nearly 1,000 years ago in what is now the eastern and southeastern United States.
They were known for building platform mounds, fine stoneware, and a well-established trading network.
The name “Mississippians” comes from the Mississippi River Valley, where their culture first manifested itself.
None of the Mississippi time periods survive in written records; everything we know about this civilization comes from archeology.
The Mississippian campsites were abandoned in the 1400s.
Archaeologists do not know what caused the departure, but crop failures, a large population and ongoing wars between clans are considered probable reasons.
8- Civilization of Rapa Nui
We’ve all heard of Easter Island and its moai, beautiful large monolithic stone statues carved by the Rapanui, a seafaring civilization that lived along the coast of the Southeast Pacific Ocean.
According to historical evidence, the Lupita people founded this civilization almost 3,000 years ago.
It was originally a large, industrious and prosperous population, which is said to have declined sharply due to the overharvesting of native palms.
The overexploitation of the environment led to deforestation, which caused wars, famines, and cultural collapse.
9- Harappan civilization
Harappa was a fortified city from the Bronze Age of the Indus Valley Civilization, equipped with an advanced sewage system, engineering, mathematics, and basic dentistry.
What led to the decline of the city is still a mystery.
Some modern archaeologists attribute this to climate change, others suggest that long-forgotten advanced technologies and even nuclear explosions could have wiped out an entire civilization.
10- Minoan civilization
The Minoans were a Bronze Age Aegean civilization that lived on the island of Crete from 3500 BC to 1100 BC.
The most famous ruins are the palace. Their most famous ruin is the Palace of Knossos, a famous tourist destination in Greece.
The Minoans are also known for their intricate frescoes and pottery. After reaching the peak of its development in 1600 BC. their decline may have been caused by natural disasters such as earthquakes.
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